Bayesian rationality
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Bayesian rationality the probabilistic approach to human reasoning by M. Oaksford

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Published by Oxford University Press in Oxford, New York .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Reasoning (Psychology),
  • Practical reason

Book details:

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

StatementMike Oaksford, Nick Chater.
ContributionsChater, Nick.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsBF442 .O22 2007
The Physical Object
Paginationp. cm.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17558396M
ISBN 109780198524502, 9780198524496
LC Control Number2006103215

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pressed argument. The first section of the book, Chapters 1–4, outlines the theoretical background of our shift from logical to Bayesian rationality as an account of everyday human reasoning, drawing on relevant areas of psychol-ogy, philosophy, and artificial intelligence. The second section of the book, Chapters 5–7, relates this approach. Bayesian Rationality: the probabilistic approach to human reasoning () is a well laid out book, carefully and extensively referenced. This adds to the frustration in that I am left with a sense that Bayesianism, like phenomenology, makes lots of promises that may fall short no matter how enthusiastically they are promulgated/5. ‘Bayesian epistemology’ became an epistemological movement in the 20 th century, though its two main features can be traced back to the eponymous Reverend Thomas Bayes (c. –61). Those two features are: (1) the introduction of a formal apparatus for inductive logic; (2) the introduction of a pragmatic self-defeat test (as illustrated by Dutch Book Arguments) for . Bayesian Rationality The Probabilistic Approach to Human Reasoning Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater Oxford Cognitive Science Series. Two leading cognitive scientists present a radical re-examination of the psychology of reasoning, arguing against the Western conception of the mind as the 'seat of all reason'.

Oaksford and Chater argue that cognition should be understood in terms of probability theory, the calculus of uncertain reasoning, rather than in terms of logic, the calculus of certain reasoning. Thus, the logical mind should be replaced by the probabilistic mind - people may possess not logical rationality, but Bayesian rationality. Get this from a library! Bayesian rationality: the probabilistic approach to human reasoning. [Mike Oaksfeld; Nick Chater] -- For almost 2, years, the Western concept of what is to be human has been dominated by the idea that the mind is the seat of reason - humans are, almost by definition, the rational animal. In this. Bayesian decision theory comes in many varieties, Good (). Common to all is one rule: the principle of maximizing (subjective) conditional expected utility. Generally, an option in a decision problem is depicted as a (partial) function from possible states of affairs to outcomes, each of which has a value represented by a (cardinal) utility. Request PDF | Bayesian Rationality | Are people rational? This question was central to Greek thought and has been at the heart of psychology and philosophy for millennia. This book | .

Most likely this is due to his accepting at face value two totally preposterous book reviews of Keynes's TP written by the original Bayesian subjectivist,Frank two book reviews,writtten in and ,respectively,are the source of the prevalent, incorrect claims that Keynes used " non-numerical " probabiities and that these non /5(6). This fascinating book is the capstone of one of the most important and original programs of research on reasoning in the last twenty years. Oaksford and Chater argue persuasively that human thinking is best understood not in terms of how poorly it approximates the philosopher's norms of deductive logic, but rather in terms of how well it. Bayesian probability theory is the math of epistemic rationality, Bayesian decision theory is the math of instrumental rationality. Right up there with cognitive bias as an absolutely fundamental concept on Less Wrong. A widely lauded technical book on this subject is E. T. Jaynes's "Probability Theory: The Logic of Science". Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality: The Audio Book mp3. All Chapters in succession. 67 Hours. GB. Now available as m4b Audio Book files! Too large for one file though, so broken up: Book 1 – Book 2 – Book 3 – Book 4 – Book 5 – Book 6.